לכה דודי Lekhah dodi
13 leaves ;1 score ; 14.5 x 22.5 cm ; autograph manuscript
Lekhah dodi, song for welcoming the Sabbath
This manuscript is a collection of twenty-four different compositions of Lekhah dodi, the song for welcoming the Sabbath. The seventeenth item is attributed to “Abram of Mannheim,” possibly Aberle Mannheimer. These pieces would have been used in a “concert” for welcoming the Sabbath using instrumental music in the synagogue, before the formal service. This custom is known to have existed in Prague and other Central European communities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Concerts such as these took place in Berlin synagogues in 1837, with guest performances by the Eastern European hazzan Hirsch Weintraub. However, this custom is not known to have been extant in West German synagogues. These items are generally for one voice.